HIV/AIDS is associated with severe social stigma and many people are forced to separate from their communities even after doing the first screening test for HIV. One positive result in a screening test in non-confirmation of HIV infection. Ethical issues related to HIV infection are mainly for ensuring that a person with HIV infection leads a life of dignity.
HIV testing should not be done without informed consent of the person to be tested. This means that the person to be tested should have understood what test results would mean and its likely impact on his/ her life. Routine screening for HIV infection of all pregnant women and people needing surgery should not be done. The only exceptions to testing without taking informed consent are before donating blood or blood products and during routine surveillance. In both these situations the persons who test positive are not notified.
People with HIV infection have as much right to get medical treatment from any source as everyone else. It is unethical to deny medical treatment to a person with HIV or AIDS. Similarly, it is also unethical to deny employment to a person with HIV infection.

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