Archive for the ‘Weight Loss’ Category

STAYING FIT AND SLIM: SELF-MOTIVATION

Tuesday, May 4th, 2010

Focus on your goals. (This does not mean "Berate yourself because you haven’t attained your goals yet.") We’ve found that it’s easiest to institute successful, healthy changes when you simply remind yourself why you’re doing it!


Imagine that you’re grocery shopping, walking down the frozen-food aisle past stacks and stacks of ice cream cartons in every imaginable flavor. Then you move into the dairy aisle and see all that low-fat yogurt (filled with sugary preserves), and finally, at the very end of the row, you see the cartons of plain nonfat yogurt. But look at all that wonderful sweet stuff!


Stop. This is where we’d like you to take a deep breath and remember what all the fat and sugar you’re passing up will do to you if you do indulge. This is the time to make an active, conscious choice – a choice, by the way, that does not have to limit you to plain nonfat yogurt: A tablespoon of Pritikin brand fruit spread or some fresh berries or half a sliced banana will transform your no-fat fare into something every bit as good as the fatty alternatives you’ve passed by. Give yourself a little pinch around the middle. Remind yourself of what your doctor said at your last visit. That’s what "self-motivate" means.


The next time you feel tempted by those chocolate-chip cookies that are just crying out for your attention, take a moment to review the reasons you want to change your diet: to lose weight, lower your cholesterol, reduce hypertension, feel more energetic, look years younger. Remember: You’re doing all this for yourself. You’re giving yourself a continuing gift no one else can make possible – the gift of good health.


*49/345/5*


WEIGHT LOSS/BODY-BUILDING

EATING DISORDERS TREATMENT: SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN FAMILY THERAPY

Wednesday, April 22nd, 2009

Divorce: Families with only one parent may be more vulnerable to problems such as eating disorders if there is inadequate parental control. There may also be more stress due to financial pressure or other such factors. Sometimes the symptom-bearer becomes a kind of substitute parent: taking care of siblings, holding down a job, or acting as a liaison between the separated parents. Sometimes a single parent depends more on his or her family of origin -calling on the grandparents to baby-sit, for example. Such intergenerational households might find themselves embroiled in many different types of conflicts, as different cultural traditions or ways of disciplining children clash.

It’s not uncommon for a divorced young mother, especially one who previously had an eating disorder herself, to revert to her old ways; she might find it easier to become an “ill child” than face up to her new life as a divorced woman. In such cases therapists need to offer extra support. A single mother may need individual therapy to cope with grief or anger over separation from her husband.

Married couples: An anorexic woman who marries may be looking for a husband who will accept her self-starving unconditionally. Similarly, a man who marries an anorexic may imagine himself as the knight in shining armor who will rescue the fair maiden from peril. This type of marriage can be pretty shaky. A woman who develops anorexia after marriage may be wrestling with serious conflicts about maturity. Pregnancy – or the fear of the changes it imposes on the body – may complicate things. Other issues include the emotions stirred as children become independent, or when the marriage starts to fall apart due to incompatibility or an extramarital affair.

Marital therapy improves the couple’s skills at communicating with one another. They may need to explore their attitudes about sex, or learn how to cope with disappointment when marriage fails to live up to their fantasies. Marital therapy may be needed after other forms of treatment have begun to work. A husband may be surprised, for example, when his compliant wife suddenly becomes more assertive or when she discovers deep currents of untapped anger. Counseling can help these people maintain the loving balance that drew them into marriage in the first place.

The multigenerational family: Never overlook the power and influence of the extended family. Many times, a patient’s grandparents, aunts, or uncles exert a tremendous influence on family functioning. Such families are often highly bound by tradition. Loyalty to family is the highest value. Members are expected to sacrifice themselves to “preserve the family honor.” One risk of a large, close-knit family is that members may feel no need to find emotionally satisfying relationships outside the home. Children may be pressured not to marry so that they can stay home and take care of the older generation. As the Belgian psychologist Johan Vanderlinden notes, these families may be starved for the stimulation that comes from contact with the outside world. “The whole family,” he writes, “is emotionally hungry and the anorectic child translates [this] hunger into starvation.”

Family therapy must address the deep and knotty issues related to the extended family. This may mean involving the grandparents in at least some sessions. It’s important for patients in such families to develop autonomy and discover how to balance family loyalties with the need to explore life outside the home. As Vanderlinden puts it, the patient must discover her roots as she develops her wings.

*107/35/5*